Convert Squid/timestamps to a human readable format

Somebody had the brilliant idea to use Unix timestamps in the Squid log.
I suppose this makes it easy to parse, not so easy to read for us humans though!

This is an elegant and common way of solving this problem:

cat /var/log/squid/access.log | perl -p -e 's/^([0-9]*)/"[".localtime($1)."]"/e'[......]

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bash – remove first line with tail and last line with head

You can achieve the same result with other (more powerful) tools, but I like this approach because it’s the simplest I can think of.

Let’s say you have this text file called test.txt

line 1
line 2
line 3

Remove the first line

tail -n +2 test.txt
line 2
line 3

Remove the last l[……]

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sed – match and replace BIND/DNS serial number programmatically

I had to make some modifications to several BIND zone files, sed proved itself invaluable once again!

All the zone files looked something like this: IN SOA (
               2015021001   ; Serial
               600          ; Refresh (10 minu[......]

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Remove all non-ascii characters with perl

Sometimes when creating one-liners, when the source is not “clean”, you may end up with non-ascii characters which make the parsing harder.

To get rid of all of it, you can use perl.

cat dirty-source.txt|perl -pe 's/[^[:ascii:]]//g' > clean-output.txt

The same command can be used on a file[……]

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